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Finding hidden gems in Thuringia: Erfurt, Weimar and Gotha

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Updated: 21st August 2018

If you want to star in your own fairytale, you need to get to Erfurt, the capital city of Germany’s Thuringia region. Medieval bridges, captivating cathedrals and colourful squares converge to create one of the cutest hidden gems in Europe I’ve ever visited.

But the region of Thuringia deserves more of your time than just a flying stop in Erfurt. Combining visits to nearby Weimar and Gotha makes for the perfect week’s vacation, especially for those who appreciate classical culture and the arts, as this region, part of the Cultural Heart of Germany, is packed with both.

My journey didn’t start in Erfurt, but being the place that captured my heart the most during my trip to Germany, it’s the base I think you should use as a temporary home to explore the region.


The city of Erfurt is the largest in the region, but with a population just north of 200,000, it certainly doesn’t feel hectic or crowded like many city breaks. It may not have the edge of Berlin or the status of Frankfurt, but it oozes charm and sophistication, and the old town has enough to keep you entertained for days.

Dating back to around 700 AD, the city slowly built up as an important trading destination in the Middle Ages, and thanks to the old town surviving WWII, you can still experience it very much as it once was. Home to Germany’s oldest university, the city has a young vibe, and in the summer months when I visited, beer gardens were overflowing, and every street felt alive.

Sunrise Erfurt Thuringia
Sunrise at the Merchants’ Bridge

The city has a real mix of architecture to discover, and with Central Europe’s oldest surviving synagogue, which now plays home to the Erfurt Treasure and historical Hebrew manuscripts, it’s chasing for UNESCO World Heritage status due to its Jewish Heritage.

But while this is a city with countless attractions easily explored on foot, it’s also a city you can happily get lost in, slowly kicking about from beer gardens to bratwurst venues on the cobbled streets while taking way too many photos of the colourful, wooden beamed facades.

It’s rare I feel like I’m on ‘vacation’ when I’m on a photography assignment. But in Erfurt, I really did, thanks to the laid-back vibes and excellent ice cream (don’t miss a scoop of chocolate from Eiskrämer on the Merchants Bridge).

The Merchants Bridge is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the city, and for a good reason. The medieval bridge is lined with half-timbered shops and houses and is one of the few bridges in the world that still has inhabitants living on it. A walk up St. Edgidius Tower, the church at the foot of the bridge, will provide incredible views of the city and the stone street running through the centre of the bridge.

While walking along the bridge is pretty as a postcard, some of the best views are from the gardens at the rear, where on a sunny evening, locals crowd around the waters with bottles of beer to enjoy the history and atmosphere of this relaxed city.

The architecture tour continues through the main churches and cathedrals within the city. In the main square, Erfurt Cathedral towers over everything, and inside the Gothic cathedral, the giant ceilings and beautiful stained glass windows are breathtaking.

A short stroll from here will take you to Petersberg Hill and Citadel, which looks down across the city from its prime vantage point. Constructed in 1665, the citadel has over two kilometres of stone walls, and you can even walk through the hollowed-out tunnels that were used to fire weapons and protect the city. The maze of underground tunnels isn’t all open to the public, and restoration work continues at some of the buildings inside the citadel.

Another of the many attractions to note is the Augustinian Monastery, and those who are clued up on their Reformation history will know that part of Martin Luther’s journey began here as a novice monk. With so many churches and towers dotted throughout the city, you don’t need to visit them all, but this Monastery is undoubtedly one worth visiting before taking a stroll down one of the cutest streets in the city, the Kirchgasse.

The rest of your time can be spent sipping on local brews in the square, enjoying the ‘best’ Bratwurst in Germany (Thuringians take their sausages very seriously!) or trying local specialities such as Thüringer Klöße, a potato dumpling that is made from a mix of raw and cooked potatoes and with various stuffings.

After you’ve got your fill of relaxing in this charming city, it’s time to take the train and head on some day trips to soak up more of the Cultural Heart of Germany. Next stop, Gotha.


I actually spent the night in Gotha, and while there is a handful of accommodation available in this sleepy city, I personally feel taking a day trip from Erfurt might be the best way to explore Gotha.

For a relatively unassuming city, there is plenty of history to unearth in Gotha. Once the residence of the dukes of Saxe, Goth and Altenburg and later Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the main castle here, Friedenstein, is the earliest baroque complex in the country.

Palace inside Gotha Thuringia
Inside the Castle Museum

Visiting Gotha was a bit of a history lesson for me as a Brit, given there are a fair few links to our royal family that I wasn’t aware of.

King George V founded the House of Windsor at the same time he changed the name of the British Royal Family from the German Sax-Coburg and Gotha to Windsor, which I think highlights just how linked this small German city is.

Inside the castle complex, with its many rooms of intricate art and architecture, you’ll also find Ekhof Theatre, the oldest surviving Baroque theatre in the world. I spent hours blissfully walking through the heavily decorated rooms that are open to the public and was seriously surprised at how grand they are from the outside. The castle isn’t as large as others.

Opposite the castle is the Ducal Museum, built by the royals to house an extensive collection of art for the public to enjoy. A large collection of Egyptian mummies, artefacts, sculptures, and art is still on display here.

It’s not all ticking off tourist attractions, though, as the main market square, dominated by the bright red town hall, is home to a handful of bustling bars and cafes. On that warm July day the terraces were packed with people enjoying the slower pace of life found in this little hidden gem.


My second side trip from Erfurt was to Weimar, a city that surprised me both on its scale and offering.

Having wanted to visit the most beautiful library here since I wrote about the best libraries worth travelling for, it was a real delight to step inside the Dubcess Anna Amalia Library, which is small but oh so perfectly formed.

Sadly, a fire wiped out much of the library and its collection, but with many of the books lovingly restored and the rooms reconstructed, it now houses over a million books, manuscripts, maps, musical scripts and other important historical and cultural collections.

On the city limits, accessible by bus/walking or a slightly out-of-breath bicycle ride, is Belvedere Castle, a grand and colourful Baroque building and grounds dating back to the 1700s and which now plays host to a museum and part of Weimar’s music university. The grounds are full of well-cared-for outhouses, gardens and an orangery, and you could easily spend a few hours enjoying the exhibits and external spaces before shooting back down the hill on your bicycle in record time.

The city is crammed with art and architecture, and given the size, it’s impressive that it has two UNESCO World Cultural Heritage complexes, one for the classic side of the city and another for the Bauhaus.

Bauhaus University, for those not in the design world, is truly world-famous for its simplistic yet powerful design principles, and as the home of Bauhaus, before additional universities opened, the city is very proud of its contribution to contemporary design. So much so that the Bauhaus Museum will open next year to celebrate the centenary and further put Weimar on the map.

Walking through the streets of Weimar is similar to Erfurt; cobblestone alleys link up colourful squares and old buildings with bright facades while squares play host to multiple restaurants and bars and, more importantly, plenty of ice cream shops.

The city is also awash with parks and green spaces where many people enjoy picnics among cute historic cottages and even a statue of Shakespeare.

Exploring Thuringia was as relaxing as educational for me, being part of East Germany and the old GDR. I re-learnt a lot of history here and again during my weekend in Dresden. While the cultural heart of Germany might be famed for its classical paintings, rich artistic history and undoubtedly impressive architecture, it’s also an ideal place to get to know the country a bit better in some of the most charming cities, such as Leipzig, and other best places to visit in Saxony and Thuringia.

And even if you don’t decide to venture off and explore the whole region, do yourself a favour and make sure Erfurt is firmly on your list when you do visit Germany; it really is a fantastic hidden gem you should get to enjoy.

7 replies
  1. Claire says:

    Great post and nicely written. I am heading there, for the first time, in a few weeks and it was good to get this overview of Thuringia so I have some idea what to expect. Thanks Dan.

  2. David says:

    Wow, thank you for all of the wonderful pictures. Seems like a fascinating place for us historically interested people. It might not happen in the near future, but I’ll try to remember this place and try to visit it for sure!

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